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R.M.A v. Blue Springs R-IV School District

Case Concerning Restroom Access for Transgender Students

Key Date: February 26, 2019
Status: Ruling from Missouri Supreme Court
Legal Team: Private Counsel
Type: Discrimination Targeting Transgender Students

Case Overview:

R.M.A v. Blue Springs R-IV School District is a case concerning discrimination based on gender identity or expression in schools. A school in Missouri is refusing to respect the gender identity of transgender students, including a young transgender male, identified as R.M.A.

This case is about respecting transgender students for who they are and is a part of the growing legislative and legal momentum against restricting restroom access for transgender Americans.

The plaintiffs sued under the Missouri Human Rights Act, which explicitly prohibits discrimination based on sex, and relied on the Supreme Court precedent that discriminating against someone because they do not align with stereotypes commonly associated with a specific sex is the same thing as discriminating based on sex.

Latest in the Case:

On February 26, 2019 the Missouri Supreme Court issued a ruling in favor of the plaintiff.

Case History:

  • 2016: R.M.A. files a lawsuit against his school district, claiming protection under the Missouri Human Rights Act. A judge in Jackson throws out the case.
  • July 18, 2017: The Missouri Court of Appeals issues a 2-1 decision against R.M.A., claiming that the Missouri Human Rights Act does not prohibit discrimination based on gender identity. R.M.A. appeals the ruling
  • April 25, 2018: The Missouri Supreme Court holds a hearing in the case, alongside a case concerning discrimination based on gender identity. We are now awaiting a decision.
  • February 26, 2019: The Missouri Supreme Court rules in favor of the plaintiff, affirming protections from discrimination for transgender students.

Last Updated March 1, 2020


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