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Klein v. Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries

Case Seeking Religious Exemptions from LGBTQ Non-Discrimination Laws

Key Date: October 19, 2018
Status: Cert. Petition Pending Before U.S. Supreme Court
Type: Public Accommodations Discrimination

Klein v. Oregon BLI Case Overview:

Klein v. Oregon Bureau of Labor & Industries concerns a business owner in Oregon who denied service to a same-sex couple because of their sexual orientation, seeking a religious exemption to a longstanding non-discrimination law in Oregon prohibiting discrimination in public accommodations based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Latest in the Case:

A petition for cert. is now pending before the United States Supreme Court. The petition was briefed throughout the winter of 2018 and 2019. It has not yet been distributed to the Justices for conference.

Case History:

Every lower court that has heard the case has affirmed that the bakery is in no way entitled to a religious exemption from the Oregon nondiscrimination law – and that businesses open to the public must be open to all. Here’s an overview of key dates and rulings in Klein:

  • 2013: A same-sex couple denied service by Sweet Cakes by Melissa files a complaint with the Bureau of Labor & Industries, alleging that the business discriminated against them because of their sexual orientation, in violation of Oregon law.
  • 2015: The Bureau of Labor & Industries, enforcing Oregon’s nondiscrimination law, rules that Sweet Cakes by Melissa violated the law and imposed a hefty fine. The business appeals to the Oregon Court of Appeals.
  • December 28, 2017: The Oregon Court of Appeals upholds the Bureau’s decision, writing, “The Kleins seek an exemption based on their sincere religious opposition to same-sex marriage; but those with sincere religious objections to marriage between people of different races, ethnicities, or faiths could just as readily demand the same exemption.” The business seeks review from the Oregon Supreme Court.
  • June 22, 2018: The Oregon Supreme Court declines to hear the case, leaving in place the ruling in favor of the plaintiff upholding Oregon’s nondiscrimination law.
  • October 19, 2018: Attorneys representing Sweet Cakes by Melissa file a petition for cert. to the U.S. Supreme Court in the case.
  • January 25, 2019: The cert. petition before the Supreme Court is fully briefed and awaiting a conference from the Justices.

Last Updated February 10, 2019

U.S. Supreme Court Docket

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