LGBTQ Non-Discrimination in the States

No Statewide LGBT Non-Discrimination Protections
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LGBTQ Non-Discrimination in Missouri:

There are currently no explicit, comprehensive statewide non-discrimination protections for gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender people in Missouri.

The Latest on LGBTQ Non-Discrimination in Missouri:

The Missouri General Assembly kicked off the legislative session by introducing Senate Joint Resolution 39, a bill that would place a constitutional amendment on Missouri’s November 2016 ballot. Although Governor Jay Nixon opposed the bill, because it was a ballot measure he would have no ability to veto. In March, Senate Democrats filibustered for 40 hours but were not able to keep the bill from advancing to the House. The House Committee on Emerging Issues failed to pass the bill. It is officially dead for the 2016 legislative session.

History of LGBTQ Non-Discrimination in Missouri:

  • August 10, 1970: In St. Louis, Rita Hauser, the U.S. Representative for the the United Nations’ Human Rights Commission, says that laws banning marriages between persons of the same sex are unconstitutional.
  • 1977: The St. Louis Task Force for Gay Rights is founded by Rick Garcia, hosting as its inaugural event a fundraiser to fight Anita Bryant’s notorious anti-gay “Save the Children” campaign.
  • 1990: Washington University of St. Louis student James Holobaugh fights the college’s ROTC for taking back scholarship funds he was using after he comes out as openly gay. They would later rescind their decision. In 2009, Holobaugh would be honored with an award named after him, recognizing “individuals and organizations that live and lead with integrity and engage diverse communities on issues relevant to LGBT equality.”
  • 1992: The city of St. Louis passes a law that bars discrimination in education, employment, housing, credit and public access based upon physical/mental disability, race, religion, family status, or sexual orientation.
  • 1999: Missouri becomes the first state to pass a hate crimes bill that includes sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability.
  • March, 2010: After being proposed for nine years, a bill to add sexual orientation to Missouri’s non-discrimination statute had its first committee hearing.
  • May 17, 2013: The Senate passes legislation banning discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in employment, housing, and public accommodations by a vote of 19–11. The House of Representatives would later adjourn without considering the legislation.
  • 2014: The University of Missouri adds gender identity and expression to its existing nondiscrimination policy.
  • February 17, 2016: The Missouri General Assembly introduces SJR 39, a bill that would send a proposed constitutional amendment to the November 2016 ballot.
  • March 9, 2016: After a 40-hour filibuster led by Senate Democrats, Missouri’s upper chamber votes to advance the bill to the House.
  • April 27, 2016: The Missouri House Commission on Emerging Issues votes against advancing the bill.
  • May 6, 2016: SJR 39 does not resurrected from the committee, and is officially declared dead for the session.
  • September 12, 2018: The City of St. Joseph, the 8th largest city in the state, passes a comprehensive nondiscrimination ordinance.

Municipalities with LGBTQ Nondiscrimination in Missouri:

The following municipalities protect people from discrimination on the basis of their sexual orientation and gender identity:

  • Clayton
  • Columbia
  • Creve Couer
  • Ferguson
  • Kirksville
  • Kirkwood
  • Maplewood
  • Maryland Heights
  • Olivette
  • Richmond Heights
  • St. Joseph
  • St. Louis
  • Webster Groves
  • Kansas City
  • University City
  • Jackson County
  • St. Louis County

Last Updated September 12, 2018

Active Litigation

Horton v. Midwest Geriatric Management, LLC.

Case Concerning Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation Under Title VII

Key Date: April 25, 2019 • Case Put On Hold Pending SCOTUS Resolution in Title VII Cases
Status: Pending before 8th Circuit Court of Appeals
Legal Team: Private Counsel & Lambda Legal
Type: Employment Discrimination

After Mark applied for, interviewed, was offered, and accepted a job at Midwest Geriatric, LLC, the job offer was rescinded, following his disclosure to management that he was married to a man. 

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